James grew up by a small spring stream within the larger Big Wood River Valley of central Idaho, where he was often found running up and down the trails along the river and its tributaries. After receiving a BA in Biology at Colgate University in upstate New York, he returned to Idaho to complete a PhD in Biology with Colden Baxter focusing on the ecology of rivers and streams. Within collaborative, field-based projects conducted in the Methow and Snake Rivers of the Columbia Basin, James’s doctoral research investigated how the flow of energy through aquatic food webs -- or the web of feeding interactions that link many species together within biological communities -- varies through time and across diverse habitats within complex river-floodplain landscapes and the implications of such variability for the conservation of biodiversity and the management and restoration of riverine landscapes. This work provided hours of practice in stream and river sampling techniques, aquatic invertebrate taxonomy, food-web and ecosystem analyses, and community outreach. In his spare time, James enjoys river running, river snorkeling, backpacking, skiing, flipping over rocks in streams, all with his partner Jade.